Bronze of King Sethi I as Nefertem, Dyn. 19

Bronze of King Sethi I as Nefertem, Dyn. 19
Period:Egypt, New Kingdom, Dynasty 19, Sethos I/Menmaatre
Dating:1318 BC–1304 BC
Origin:Egypt, Lower Egypt, Memphis
Physical:17.8cm. (7 in.) -

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Links to others from Dynasty 19

Foundation marker from Seti I, Dyn.19
Horus-the-Child, Dyn.19, 1300-1200 BC
Imsety canopic jar of Osorkon, Dyn. 19
Lapis seal of King Ramesses II, Dyn.19
Ptah-Tatenen pendant, Dyn. 19-20
Queen Isitnefret as Isis nursing, Dyn. 19
Relief of king offering small jars, Dyn. 19
Relief, procession of priests, Dyn. 19
Relief, reign of Ramesses II, Dyn.19
Ritual pendant for the Priest of Ptah
Seal of Queen Maa-writ-nefrw-ra, Dyn.19
Shawabti from Deir el-Medineh, Dyn. 19
Shawabti of an unidentified king, Dyn. 19
Shawabti of Pa-iri, fan-bearer, Dyn. 19
Shawabti of the Vizier Paser, Dyn. 19
Unfinished stone statue, Dyn. 19
Wood shawabti of King Seti I, Dyn. 19
Wood shawabti of King Seti I, Dyn. 19
Wood shawabti of King Seti I, Dyn. 19

Links to others representing Nefertem

Bronze of a king as Nefertem, N.K.

Links to others of type Statuette-man

Bacchus the child, Roman, 100 BC-200 AD
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Bronze Herakles, Etruria, 500 BC
Bronze Imhotep seated, Dyn. 25 (?)
Bronze ithyphallic god Bes, Ptolemaic
Bronze of a king as Nefertem, N.K.
Bronze of a king as Orisiris, Dyn. 18-19
Bronze of a king as Osiris, Dyn. 18
Bronze of a king as Osiris, Dyn. 22
Bronze of a king as Osiris, Dyn. 26
Bronze of a king as Osiris, Dyn. 26
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Bronze of King Psamtik I as Osiris, Dyn. 26
Bronze of King Shabaka ? as Osiris, Dyn. 25
Bronze of Ptah, Memphis, Dyn. 25
Bronze ritual pendant of Osiris, Dyn. 25
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Bronze statuette of Anhur, Dyn. 20
Bronze statuette of Ptah, Dyn. 25
Bust of Zeus, Macedonian Dynasty
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Head, realistic portrait in stone, Dyn 18
Horus-the-Child, 1070-774 BC
Horus-the-Child, Alexandria, 100-30 BC
Horus-the-Child, Alexandria, 304-30 BC
Horus-the-Child as a ruling king, Dyn. 18
Horus-the-Child as Amun, 776-656 BC
Horus-the-Child, Dyn.19, 1300-1200 BC
Horus-the-Child, Dyn. 25, 776-656 BC
Horus-the-Child, heir to the king, Dyn. 26
Horus-the-Child, Ptolemaic, 200-100 BC
Horus-the-Child, Ptolemaic, 304-30 BC
Horus-the-Child riding a swan, 304-31 BC
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King Amenhotep II (?) as Amun-Re, Dyn. 18
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King Horemheb as Amun-Re, Dyn. 18
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Osiris, King of the Afterlife, Dyn. 22
Osiris of an unknown king, Dyn. 18 (?)
Osiris-Neper, god of agriculture, Dyn. 18
Osiris-Neper, god of agriculture, Dyn. 22
Osiris-Neper, god of agriculture, Dyn. 25
Porphyry statue of Alexander The Great
Pottery child head, Phoenicia, 1000-500 BC
Pottery silenus (satyr), Greece, 350-300 BC
Priest of Hapy, temple of Aswan, Dyn. 20
Ptah-Min of Memphis, Dyn. 20
Queen as Goddess Neith seated, Dyn. 25106

Ruling king as Khonsu, Dyn. 20
Sept, local prince of Nubia, Dyn. 12-13
Statue pedestal of Osorkon II, Dyn. 22
Statuette of a privileged man, Dyn. 18
Stone bust of a scribe, Dyn. 18
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Stone statue of King Thutmose III, Dyn. 18
Tall bronze Osiris, Ptolemaic Period
Unfinished stone statue, Dyn. 19
Wood statue of Amenemhat II, Dyn. 12
Wood statue of King Smenkhkare, Dyn. 18
  Bronze and gold statuette of King Sethi I in the shape of the God Nefertem. The two classic Nefertem attributes displayed here are the lotus flower on his head (partly missing), and the khepesh (curved sword) in his right hand. The king's cartouche appears on the bracelet on his left upper arm, and on his belt buckle.

In the very first year of his short fourteen-year reign, through four consecutive military expeditions, Sethi restored Egyptian control of Palestine, Lebanon, and Syria. “Some tremendous building projects were undertaken during Sethi’s reign. The quality of the reliefs that embellished new cult temples and his tomb are virtually unsurpassed in Egyptian art. At Karnak, Sethi began the work of building the great hypostyle hall in the temple of Amun that was to be completed by his son Ramses II. At Abydos, Sethi built what is undoubtedly the most remarkable decorated temple amongst all those of Ancient Egypt” (Clayton 1994:142). In his current resting place, the royal mummy hall at the Cairo Museum, the unforgettable face of Sethi expresses the impressive personality of this powerful monarch. Sethi’s birth name was Sethi-Mery-N-Ptah, “he who belongs to the god Seth and is beloved of the god Ptah.” When Sethi became king, he was given the name of Horus, Mn-Maat-Ra, which at the same time made him god on earth and for eternity in the Underworld.

God Nefer-Tem (or Nefer-Atum or Nefer-Ra), originally a god from Hermopolis, became the original third member of the mother-father-son Memphite triad, (usually with Ptah as his father and Sakhmet as his mother). His name means “young atum” (the sun in its youth, the rising sun) and his importance is considerable in the Egyptian concept of the origin of life at Hermopolis. The legend describes a lotus flower rising from the water. As the lotus flower opens, a scarab is revealed, then metamorphoses into a young boy crying. As his tears fall, they create humanity. We find allusions to this in the Pyramid Texts. In the Text of Unas (last king of the 5th Dynasty), it is said: “Unas has risen like Nefer-Tem from the lotus to the nostrils of Ra, and he goes forth from the horizon on each day…” By claiming to be the living incarnation of Nefer-Tem, a king claimed the power of creation.

Bibliography (for this item)

Budge, E. A. Wallis, Sir
1969 The Gods of the Egyptians or studies in Egyptian Mythology (unabridged republication of the 1904 edition by the Open Court Publishing Company). Dover Publications, New York, NY.

Clayton, Peter A.
1994 Chronicle of the Pharaohs: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers and Dynasties of Ancient Egypt. Thames and Hudson, London, UK.

Grimal, Nicolas
1988 Histoire de l’Egypte ancienne. Fayard, Paris, France.

Khalil, Hassan M.
1976 Preliminary Studies on the Sanusret Collection. Manuscript, Musée l’Egypte et le Monde Antique, Monaco-Ville, Monaco. ([1]147-149)

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